Whenever you exercise, you hear people talk about aerobic and anaerobic exercises; these two names refer to the way that body has to get energy, either when oxygen is needed (aerobic) or without oxygen (anaerobic).
Exercises always have presence of both modes of oxygenation, but despite this there is always one that predominates over the other depending on each case.
The definition of aerobic exercise is basically an exercise with medium or low intensity, but long duration. In these, the body needs to burn these carbohydrates and fats and that requires oxygen.
On the contrary, anaerobic exercise is a type of exercise with high-intensity and short duration. In this, oxygen is not needed since energy comes from immediate sources as muscle ATP, PC or phosphocreatine and glucose. These exercises are good for toning.
Now the bottom line is to choose the right type of exercise based on the goals, but it is necessary to alternate and complement both in order to obtain better results at a cardiovascular and muscular level.
All the exercises we perform require initially some air, so they start in aerobic mode, which carries air to the lungs; some of them are running, rowing, skating, skiing and biking. All of them must be performed with some intensity to ensure the hear rate to increase.
This is why the best way to measure aerobic exercise intensity is by monitoring the heart beats per minute. For it we count 220 (the maximum rate that healthy heart can stand) minus the age of the subject.
Some benefits of aerobic exercise:
- Strengthens the heart
- Decreases fat
- Lowers blood pressure
- Lowers bad cholesterol levels and maintains the good one
- Helps you losing weight
- Decreases stress
- Accelerates the process of fat absorption and elimination
- Helps eliminating toxins
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